A AI::MXNet::NDArray is a multidimensional container of items of the same type and size. Various methods for data manipulation and computation are provided.

pdl> $x = mx->nd->array([[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]])
pdl> print $x->aspdl->shape
[3, 2]
pdl> $y = $x + mx->nd->ones($x->shape)*3
pdl> print $y->aspdl
 [4 5 6]
 [7 8 9]
pdl> $z = $y->as_in_context(mx->gpu(0))
pdl> print $z,"\n"
<AI::MXNet::NDArray 2x3 @gpu(0)>

A detailed tutorial is available at https://mxnet.incubator.apache.org/tutorials/basic/ndarray.html.

Note: AI::MXNet::NDarray is similar to numpy.ndarray in some aspects. But the difference is not negligible. For example

  • AI::MXNet::NDArray->T does real data transpose to return new a copied array, instead of returning a view of the input array.
  • AI::MXNet::NDArray->dot performs dot between the last axis of the first input array and the first axis of the second input, while numpy.dot uses the second last axis of the input array.

In additional, NDArray supports GPU computation and various neural network layers.

AI::MXNet::NDarray also provides almost same routines as AI::MXNet::symbol. Most routines between these two packages share the same C++ operator source codes. But AI::MXNet::NDarray differs from AI::MXNet::Symbol in several aspects:

  • AI::MXNet::NDArray adopts imperative programming, namely sentences are executed step-by-step so that the results can be obtained immediately.